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Online Collections: A Digital Experience

Technology is an integral part of our society. We spend countless hours checking our emails, browsing social media, and looking up ratings of places before we even visit them. We have the opportunity to connect with places across the world we may otherwise never have the opportunity to visit. The widespread accessibility of the internet allows museums the opportunity to present their collections online, making them more accessible and present within a wider community. With the quick advances in technology, it can be hard to stay up to date in the museum world. Online collections are one way of staying relevant with today’s technologically savvy generation.

A woven hat too damaged for display. Despite what you see, the brim of the hat is warped, with pieces of the interior breaking off with slight movement. The top of the hat is collapsed with its structure being held together by tissue placed inside.

The very first question about an online collection that most museums consider is weather we should create one at all, and if so, how much information should we include? One of the benefits of making the collection available online is that we can share parts of the collection that otherwise cannot be put on display, such as fragile or light sensitive objects. This allows the viewer to experience an object they cannot otherwise experience in person, while preserving the objects at the same time.

So how are online collections made? Online collections begin with the museum’s digital record of an object. New digital records are created everyday, and for some museums this may take years to change all object records into a digital form. For example MOA holds over 2 million objects and only a small fraction have a complete digital record. We also monitor what goes online especially when it comes to culturally sensitive or ceremonial materials since they are protected and not displayed unless special permissions are given. All objects are approached with care and consideration before being placed into public view. Information such as appraisals, donor information, and archaeological site information are also not shared online.

A tintype image, very sensitive to light.

The accessibility of online collections is limited only to the people who have a computer and internet making it easy for people all across the world to access the collections with a simple click. This invites research potential and allows viewers who are interested in a museum to experience the collections if they can not experience it physically. Like museum exhibitions, online collections are not static. They change and evolve with new research and objects.

Not all museums have online collections and the ones that do are hosted on the museum website. With the interest in cultural objects growing, sites that search objects from multiple museums such as the Google Art Project and Artefact Canada give you the opportunity to curate your own collection of favourite items and to learn about objects from all over the globe.

Here is a link to MOA’s Online Collection

Message from the Director:

Welcome to a brand-new year at the Museum of Ontario Archaeology! I am honoured to start my first full year as the new Executive Director at MOA, and I am excited about what 2017 has in store for us. I follow in the footsteps of some incredible people who have had the honour of directing this unique facility, the last of whom – Joan Kanigan – left a strong foundation of policy development and infrastructure renewal that will allow us to begin the first stages of our merger with Sustainable Archaeology, the research and curation facility next door. The integration of SA will allow us to incorporate new and interactive technologies into our galleries and classroom, highlighting some of the innovative archaeological research being done at this state-of-the-art facility.

Longhouse interior view using the HTC Vive

Interactive technologies related to Augmented Reality (AR), Virtual Reality (VR), and 3-D imaging will be moving into the gallery over the coming year, beginning with our MOA VRchaeology exhibit opening on January 12th. MOA VRchaeology will transport visitors back 500 years with HTC Vive virtual reality goggles to experience a reconstructed Iroquoian-style longhouse developed by Western Anthropology PhD candidate, Michael Carter. To read more about Mike’s project, which he’s fully documented, check out his blog here, then come out to MOA for this unique experience in person!

Our first temporary exhibit of the year opens on January 26th in partnership with Nokee Kwe Native Learning Centre. The +Positive Voice Program entitled Warrior Womyn: Reclaiming our Identity is an inspiring exhibit promoting positive narratives and memes by urban Aboriginal women who are experiencing a transition to employment/education. This will be followed in April by a temporary exhibit developed in collaboration with Western First Nations Studies. And in August, watch for our take on the year’s sesquicentennial celebrations with an exhibit featuring the negotiated identities of Chief Joseph Brant and Pauline Johnson in the era of Canada’s new confederation.

Do you love maple as much as we do? That sweet – even nutritious! – treat that maple trees reward us with after a cold winter? Then make sure to mark your calendars for the weekend of March 11-12th when we’ll be re-establishing an old event here at the museum to celebrate the Maple Harvest! We’ll be focusing on traditional First Nations’ methods of harvesting and processing this natural resource, and we’ll be offering all sorts of engaging and interactive activities throughout the weekend. And of course, plans are already underway to host our 9th annual Harvest Festival and Pow Wow on September 16-17th in conjunction with London Doors Open. That event will be followed by International Archaeology Day on the 21st of October. Also, watch for us this year out in the community, as we broaden our outreach to provide a contact and gift-shop booth at local and regional events and festivities – stop by to say hi and ask us what is new!

Male dancers for the 2016 Harvest Festival Pow-Wow
2015 MOA Pow-Wow

We are also committing to updating our education and outreach programs in 2017. With a newly installed and generously donated Smart Board from Western Ivey Business School, students will have more opportunities for interactive engagement in the classroom. And retired school-teacher Linda Imrie has donated her time and skills to revamping our Edu-kits, catered to augmenting curriculum studies from grades 1-6 – so if you are not able to get your classroom to the Museum to experience our in-house educational programs, please inquire about the availability of these instructive and archaeologically-themed kits!

MOA has a dynamic and dedicated team of Board members, staff and volunteers who continue to work diligently to create a more immersive and engaging experience for visitors of all ages – and we are always looking for volunteers willing to share their time and talents, so if you are interested in joining our team please give us a call! Whether it’s a walk through the gallery to see what’s new, your attendance at a craft workshop or school group, or just a walk along our pathways and woodlot to appreciate and reflect upon the undisturbed archaeological village preserved beneath your feet, we look forward to seeing you in 2017!

-Dr. Rhonda Bathurst-

Archaeology Activities for Home

Parents, the weather is slowly turning dark and grey. The opportunities for outdoor play, becoming harder to find. That’s why we’re sharing Archaeology Activities that you can do at home. Read on, download the tools and have fun with your adventurer.

Keeping kids entertained on rainy days can be difficult. Why not engage them in fun, educational activities, which can be done with only a few materials and simple instructions? Here are just two of the many activities you can do with your little ones that will keep them engaged and teach them about archaeology!


Stratigraphy studies the different layers of the earth and what we can find in them. Archaeologists use these layers to help develop a timeline for the area (the oldest items are usually found in the deepest layers). The artifacts found in the layers can also indicate who was living on the site at different points in time.  This information is the context for each artifact.



Image of Braciopod Fossil
  • Empty plastic water bottles
  • 2 boxes of table salt
  • Food colouring
  • A small shell (or brachiopod fossils if available)
  • broken pieces of pottery or ceramic (edges can be sanded, if sharp)
  • Pop tabs



1) Split salt into four containers, add a different colour food colouring to each, shake containers

2) Give each child a water bottle, a shell (or fossil), 5 marbles, and a pop tab

3) Place shell at the bottom of the bottle, add one colour of salt on to cover.

4) Add more layers of different coloured salt until about one-third of the bottle is filled

5) Add the pottery/ceramic, and then keep layering

6) place the pop tab on top of the final layer

Why This Archaeology Activity is Relevant

This activity gives us a visual of how stratigraphy works. Each layer of salt is a different colour, just as the different layers of sub-soil and top-soil are different colours depending on location and what created them. At the very bottom of our site, we have our oldest item – the shell/fossil. Next, we have some broken pottery representing a past human layer. Finally, at the top, we have the metal pop tab, a ‘new artifact’ of the present time.

Cookie Excavation

Image of cookie excavation

This cookie excavation will help children understand the care that must be taken while excavating in order to not damage the fragile artifacts (in this case the chocolate chips). They will also appreciate how they have destroyed the cookie (archaeological site) in the process. However, by recording all their artifacts the information of their cookie will survive on.



  • Give each child a cookie, activity sheet, and two toothpicks.
  • Before starting the excavation, children should place their cookie on Grid A. Then draw the cookie, with all the visible artifacts (chocolate chips) included. This will be their record of the archaeological site.
  • Excavate cookies with the toothpicks, by carefully chipping away at the dirt (cookie) to slowly reveal any hidden artifacts. For an added challenge, remind them that they should not pick up their cookies because archaeologists cannot pick up sites!
  • For each “artifact” found add it to the drawing on grid B.
  • At the end each child should have a pile of back dirt (cookie crumbs) and artifacts (chocolate chips), and their drawing of what they looked like before.
  • Count artifacts; who has excavated the most?
  • Eat the destroyed cookie!

Why is this Relevant?

Archaeological excavations are a destructive process. When archaeologists have finished with a site, they have largely taken it apart piece by piece to discover its secrets. Unfortunately, this means a site, once excavated, can’t be excavated again. To fix this problem, archaeologists take lots of notes, drawings, photographs, take samples of soils, and write detailed reports so archaeologists in the future can come back to their excavations and learn even more. Without all these notes and reports all the context we learned about in the stratigraphy activity above will be lost forever.

We hope you enjoy this archaeology activities with your adventure.

Updated and Improved Edukit

Image of New and Improved EduKits

MOA is pleased to announce the launch of six new and improved Edukits (for more detailed information on each portion of the Edukit, read our previous post). Teachers and other educators can now rent one or more of these kits designed to offer classroom teachers activities and hands-on materials they can use when developing their Social Studies lesson plans. Each kit has been developed to meet the specific Ontario Curriculum points for grades 1 – 6.

Materials included in each kit are:

  • Support Booklet for the specific grade
  • Curriculum Connections Pages
  • Activity Cards
  • Activity Descriptions and Outcomes
  • Genuine archaeological artifacts and identification guide
  • Resource Materials
  • List of additional books, recommended resources, and websites

Kits must be picked up and dropped off at the Museum and can be rented for $50/2-week period. For more information, please call 519-473-1360 or email Katie at

We would like to acknowledge the contributions of our key volunteers who helped update and improve the Edukit; without their efforts, this would not have happened.

Image of Edukit developer, volunteer Linda Imrie

Linda Imrie, retired TVDSB teacher:

“I appreciate everything I learned and contributed during my thirty-five year teaching career with the Thames Valley District School Board. I taught students at the primary, junior and intermediate level in the classroom, in special education at W. D. Sutton School in a treatment facility, then as a Learning Support Teacher and finally in a self-contained classroom with Autistic students. In my new life as a volunteer, I have been involved with different associations and groups. Then in April of 2016 after a conversation with the Educational Consultant at the Museum of Ontario Archaeology, an opportunity came up to refurbish the existing Edukit.  The kit truly needed to be brought up to date and made applicable to meet the needs of today’s student. As a life-long learner, I could not refuse the task of creating six individual Edukits for grades one through six. First I had to weed through the Ontario Social Studies Curriculum and sort out points of relevance for teachers. The next task was to condense the curriculum into words that would make sense in the classroom. Creating the activities and descriptors for each grade level was a task in itself because the content had to coincide with the curriculum. In the final stages of creating the Edukits collaboration took place with a local artist to modernize my logo and with a young expert in sorting and cataloguing artifacts. I believe we came up with an Edukit for teachers and students making Social Studies interactive, educational and fun for use in the classroom. A large focus in the kits is on the First Nations People, but the activities try to go beyond that with many cross-curricular opportunities. It is my hope that the activities will spark an interest in students and teachers to come and visit the Museum. There is a lot to explore at the MOA and a day away makes a wonderful field trip!

It has been my pleasure to work on the Edukits and to hopefully inspire young students to be curious about the world around them, to encourage them to continue asking questions, and most of all to help motivate the learning process.

Yours in education,

Linda Margaret Imrie, M.Ed, Retired Teacher, Thames Valley District School Board (1977-2012)

Christopher Dupon-Martinez, Graphic Design Volunteer:

“Christopher Dupon-Martinez is an illustrator, cartoonist, and designer. He offers solutions for visual problems in the industry of editorial periodicals and publications. Christopher is completing his fourth year at OCAD University studying design and majoring in illustration. In his free time, he enjoys volunteering at the Museum of Ontario Archaeology, it allows him the opportunity to continue learning and collaborate in meaningful projects. Learn more about him at his website.”

Madison Keller, Archaeological Interpreter:

We were fortunate to have Madison join us and have her contribute on this project. Madison, a University of Western student, joined us at the Lawson Site Field school this spring and then spent her summer working at the museum.

Thank you to everyone.

Materials for Improved Edukit
Improved Edukit Grade 3 workbook

MOA’s Edu-Kit

What’s an Edu-Kit you ask?

The MOA Educational Kit (“Edu-Kit” for short) is full of resources and artifacts that anyone can rent.  Containing over 30 artifacts, a teacher’s guide, and reading resources, the Edu-Kit is an excellent tool for elementary school teachers, homeschooling groups, or youth groups with an interest in history and archaeology.  It’s great for exploratory learning and is a way to bring the museum into your classroom.

edu-kit guide, teachers resource

Resource Guide

Starting with the Resource Guide is the best way to get the most our of the Edu-Kit.  The Guide provides a stress-free way to use the Edu-Kit materials in your group.  Lesson plans on First Nations History and Archaeology are included along with customizable PowerPoint slides on a USB drive and artifact identification tools.  The Guide also includes additional history information for grades 6-8 or advanced learners, worksheets, and activity pages, along with First Nations myths and legends, and project ideas.


In addition to the Guide, the Edu-Kit includes a variety of books suitable for learners from 6 to 14 years old.  The books are full of different materials you can use to complement the lesson plans in the guide and include colouring pages, traditional songs, historical information, a biography of the Jury Family, and research materials for archaeology and history projects.

reference books, edu-kit

The most exciting part of the Edu-Kit- the artifacts. Each of the artifacts is a genuine, irreplaceable piece of history and date from the Paleo-Indian Period (11000-9000 B.C.E.) to the Late/Terminal Woodland Period (900-1600 C.E.), and vary in material and purpose. The kit includes artifacts such as pottery sherds, ceramic pipes, animal bone ornaments, and stone projectile points.

artifacts, edu-kit

The Edu-kit is ideal for students who work at their own pace and is also an excellent option for groups on a tight budget.  The EduKit is available to rent for $50/2 weeks. If you are interested in renting our Educational Kit, contact Katie, our Learning Coordinator.

March Break Adventure 2016

March Break Adventure Location South America

Is your Young Explorer looking for a March Break Adventure?

A March Break Adventure is closer than you think at MOA’s Adventure through South America camp being offered from March 14-18, 2016.  Campers will explore the people, environment, and animals of South America as they stamp their ‘passport’ with days of exploration!

March Break starts on Monday with a Welcome to South America party where we will explore the countries and geography of the region while playing some great games.  On Tuesday, we’ll be checking out South America’s Food and Culture!  Not only will our Explorers learn about South America foods, they will also become farmers and plant their own bean crop.  We’ll be watching our beans grow throughout the week before our Explorers take their plants home.

Animals to discover on the March Break Adventure - Monkey

On Wednesday we are moving into the trees for a Tree Top Adventure in the rainforests.  Did you know that the Amazon Rainforest, also known as the Amazon Jungle, is the largest rainforest on earth, covers 40% of the South American continent, and is home to over 2000 different animals!  We will be doing a lot of exploring this day.

Celebrate with friends during the March Break Adventure

Thursday is Archaeology Day! and we will have a lot of ground to cover as we explore Macchu Picchu in the mountain tops of Peru before going underground into the network of tombs found at  Tierradentro near the south west coast of Colombia.  We definitely won’t want to miss Serra de Capivara in Brazil where you can find cave paintings that are more than 25,000 years old!

Friday is our favourite day because we get to have a pizza lunch with all our new friends! And we will learn all about The People of South America: Past and Present.

Explorer’s will want to bring two snacks and a lunch (peanut free!), a water bottle, indoor shoes, and outdoor gear (like boots, a coat, mittens, a hat) for when we play outside.


Programs - camp (2)

A typical camp day includes warm up activities, team and friendship building exercises, crafts and games related to each day’s theme, two snack breaks and one lunch break, outdoor fun and exploration of the site around the Museum, and a video at the end of the day (while we wait for parents).  Camp begins at 8:30 every day and parents can drop off their kids as early as 8:15. We’ll play small group games, colour some amazing artwork, and free play with friends until 9:00 am.  Camp ends at 4:30 every day and the latest time for pick up is 4:45. Camp kids will be watching a movie in our theatre space when it’s time for pick up. Please remember to sign out your child and bring photo ID with you!

How to Register for the March Break Adventure

Register for the whole week or a couple of days. Combine March Break with upcoming Summer Camp weeks for multi-week discounts!

Family Day 2016

Family Day 2016 new

Since the first Family Day was observed on February 18, 2008, many Ontarians have enjoyed taking advantage of the holiday to spend time with their family and explore their communities.  Family Day 2016 falls on February 15th and you don’t have to look any further than MOA for something fun to do as we continue our tradition of hosting a Family Fun Day filled with wonderful indoor family activities.


Families will be able to listen to and share stories with Mi’kmaq storyteller Nina Antoine-Ogilvie as well as explore and shop at First Nation’s Craft Vendors throughout the day!  Children can discover the secrets to archaeological digs by uncovering and mapping chocolate chips in our Cookie excavation and explore the importance of First Nation’s Wampum as a means of communication through our wampum activity.

In the morning, Dr. Chris Ellis from Western University will be on hand to identify artifacts and Dana Poulton, Archaeologist and President of D.R. Poulton and Associates (a key contributor to our Changing Landscapes exhibition in the temporary gallery) will share London’s rich archaeological heritage and his experiences excavating Victoria Park in the afternoon.

Hugh Henry

We are also excited to be hosting a Medicine Wheel Teachings and Art Workshop facilitated by Hugh Hill, Laka’tos, from the Oneida Nation on Family Day. Mr. Hill will share the teachings he has learned from the elders. Teachings he continues to learn and pass along.

The Medicine Wheel represents all creation, harmony and connections.  Come and learn about the teachings and significance of the Medicine Wheel in Aboriginal culture in this interactive and family fun workshop.  Participant will paint their own Medicine Wheel art piece to take home.

So put on your warm woolies, gather up your family, and join us this Family Day.


 On-going Activities

  • Storytelling with Nina Antoine-Ogilvie
  • Cookie Excavations
  • Wampum Activity
  • First Nation Craft Vendors

Scheduled Activities

  • 10:00 – 1:00    Artifact Identification with Dr. Chris Ellis
  • 1:30 – 3:30      London Archaeology with Dana Poulton

Medicine Wheel Workshop

Cost: $15 for adults and $13 for youth (5-17 years old) and includes admission to the museum.
Times:  11:00-12:00 and 2:00-3:00

To register for the workshop, or for more information about the event, please contact the museum by phone at 519-473-1360 or email

Regular admission applies.

Why be an Education Volunteer

Why should you volunteer as an Education Assistant at MOA?

Do you enjoy making crafts, playing games, and helping children explore, discover and learn? If the answer is yes, then being an Educational volunteer at MOA might be for you.

Educational programming aims to create an engaging and interactive museum experience for visitors of all ages and volunteer opportunities within this area are ideal for those who enjoy working with children and have experience with or hope to go into teaching.  It is also an excellent opportunity for those interested in gaining experience in museums, as it allows the opportunity to interact directly with museum audiences.

Simulated digs are really popular at the Museum of Ontario Archaeology.

Benefits of volunteering with Museum Education and Interpretation:

  • Gain practical experience with teaching in a non-classroom setting
  • Develop skills related to working in the museums and heritage field
  • Increase skills in public speaking and communication.
  • Learn more about archaeology, and the history of Ontario and its Indigenous People.

Education volunteers get to enjoy many different, hands on teaching opportunities.

What can I expect when volunteering as an Education Volunteer at MOA?

The role of an education volunteer can change throughout the year.

In the School year (September to June), Volunteers will have the opportunity to help with the delivery of curriculum-based education programming to students from the London Area and beyond. These programs are interactive and hands-on; Students engage with gallery and village tours, as well as craft and activity workshops. Volunteers will be encouraged to work towards delivery of programming components to small groups of 20-25 students.

In the Summer months (July and August) programming shifts from curriculum-based programming to our week-long summer day camps. AT MOA camps, children ages, 5-9 play games, make crafts, and learn through activities centred around different themes. Volunteering with our camps is an excellent opportunity for anyone interested in teaching at the primary level or early childhood education. It is also an excellent opportunity for secondary students to complete their 40-hours or more!

Simulated dig supported by education volunteers.

Many student staff and volunteers from MOA’s education department have gone on to pursue careers in education and museums. Here are some of their experiences in their own words:

  • “It gives you an awesome experience of how to “teach” outside the classroom and allows you to interact with people of all ages and especially children of all age ranges, which gives you a well-rounded approach on how to explain and teach to different audiences.”- Ilinca
  • “Interpretation is an important part of learning within the museum; having a role in how students interact with the museum, what they learn, and what they take away is incredibly rewarding.” – Rebecca
  • “I feel like it’s a great opportunity to explore history, and to teach the next generation why [history is] so important in a unique and interactive way.” – Ashley
  • “I volunteer at the MOA because of the people, the environment and the kids. Having worked in a cultural, educational and community-focused workplace, I have learned and developed some key work skills. Teamwork, leadership skills, public speaking, creativity, communication and a workplace mindset, which has strengthened my other work experiences. As a volunteer you can help with tours; such as the Life in a Long House with storytelling and campfire cooked food, make clay pottery, learn about the fur traders of Canada, touch and handle real 1,000-year-old artifacts, dig a simulated dig site and learn about archaeological stratigraphy. […] MOA is an excellent place to become a volunteer where you can be a part of the community while inspiring the next generation in Canada’s history, culture and archaeology.” – Brenna
  • “The education program was a great experience, through teaching and giving tours I was able to interact with people of all ages, while learning myself! It enhanced my understanding of First Nations cultures of Canada, especially right here in Ontario historically and contemporary through archeological and anthropological perspectives.” – Nadine

For more information on how to volunteer, contact Katie at

Read more about the benefits of volunteering – Great article from the Werklund School of Education in Calgary:

Educating future Educators through volunteering. 

Fur Trade: How and Why?

fur trade

The fur trade was a major commercial enterprise in Canada for nearly 300 years.  Beginning in the 17th century the Fur Trade lasted until the mid 19th century.  When Europeans arrived in the New World fur trade became a large part of European and First Nations interactions.

Before the fur trade, fishing was the activity Europeans took part in the most.  It was off the coast of Newfoundland, and in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, where there was a large supply of cod, that interactions with First Nations peoples fostered the fur trade.  The cod needed several weeks to dry, and during that time the Europeans wanted to maintain their relationships with First Nations groups.  Europeans would often trade metal and cloth goods to the First Nations for fresh meat and furs.

Beaver felt hats are one of the major reasons why permanent European settlements came to Canada.  The popularity of beaver felt hats in Europe, where there are no beavers, grew during the 17th and 18th century.  The fur trade was increasingly taken advantage of in order to get enough pelts to satisfy the growing demand for hats.

The fur trade spread across North America, while most fur trading posts and settlements were located around Montreal and Northern Alberta.  Each spring, fur traders, or voyageurs, would head to Fort William, now called Thunder Bay, where they would hold a “rendezvous” to trade with First Nations in August.  Afterwards the fur traders would head home to deliver the furs to their trading company.  The Hudson’s Bay Company, established in 1670, was the most famous trading company and is still around today.

Fur wasn’t the only highly prized trade good.  Glass beads were another important part of trade between the First Nations and European settlers and traders.  Makers marks also started to appear on items like pipes, axes, and metal decoration that was often traded.  These materials are important to archaeologists and historians as they can help map trade routes and their use.


Did you know?  It could take 13 weeks for voyageurs to travel from Montreal to Thunder Bay.

Exhibit Redevelopment

MOA is seeking input to guide plans for exhibit redevelopment and renewal.

Gallery (2)

As most OAS members know, many Ontario archaeologists can trace the beginnings of their working lives to the Museum of Ontario Archaeology (MOA) at Western University. The Museum continues to offer programs in archaeology to southwestern Ontario students and to the public at large, and the London Chapter of the Society still holds its meetings at the Museum.

Sustainable Archaeology is now adjoined to the Museum although it will operate independently for several more years. The innovative technologies at Sustainable Archaeology present exciting opportunities for the Museum to refresh its public programming and exhibits, both inside and outside in the Lawson village. –

Gallery (1)

As we all appreciate, archaeology brings the stories of how people lived to life. These stories connect us to our shared human heritage and give us a sense of place in the world. At the Museum, we believe that by connecting with and sharing our stories we understand and appreciate each other more and that Ontario’s archaeological heritage is (first and foremost) about people.

We recognize that it is time for our exhibits to change and we want as much input as possible into what these changes should be. We are reaching out to various communities and stakeholders to help develop the framework for our exhibit renewal. If you are interested in providing input on what stories should be told at MOA, please let us know.   You can forward your comments directly to Joan Kanigan, Executive Director by phone (519-473-1360) or email ( or complete this short on-line survey.

We will continue attempting to get out to the Chapter meetings over the next several months to provide an opportunity to share your comments directly.

Gallery (3)


Dr. Ronald F. Williamson, Chair, Board of Directors, Museum of Ontario Archaeology


*This article originally appeared in ArchNotes and has been updated slightly.